How Algorithms Changed The World {infographic}

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An algorithm is a set of instructions for solving a problem or performing a task.

Algorithm #1: Operating Systems

Operating systems would not exist without the use of algorithms.

OS: the glue between digital bytes and the user
without it, we’d all still be using typewriters
OS’s take many forms depending on their intended use
Most researchers agree:
Origins of the OS lie in our earliest history: not the last few decades
Original OS Examples
Babylonian Abacus
Incan Khipu
(both intended to keep precise records of complex data)
Modern computers didn’t appear until mid 20th century
1970’s and 80’s:
they became more widely used in academia
able to talk to one another
microprocessor tech evolved enough for creation of powerful desktop computers
1980’s and 90’s:
the familiar user-friendly OS emerged
Microsoft and Apple drove the evolution of the desktop GUI OS
their battle has given us a wide variety of OS’s

Algorithm #2: Communications

Without algorithms, there would be no World Wide Web

Two of the most famous, world changing algorithms:
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol)
Defines how the Internet transmits data
Invented when computers were mainframes housed in cool rooms (and dinosaurs roamed the earth)
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer (or Transport) Protocol
underlies the WWW and played a large part in the Internet’s mid-90s breakthrough
1969: ARPANET was developed
a four-node, packet-switched network
1974: TCP/IP was developed
proposed as the new set of protocols
(Callout: “The most basic bit of ‘science’ in current networks is the discovery that packet switching actually works,” MIT’s Clark told the E-Commerce Times.)

Many thought TCP/IP would not work: they thought it would be unstable.
1980: ARPA began converting its computers to TCP/IP
1983: ARPA mandated that all computers connected to ARPNET, use TCP/IP
TCP/IP became the standard underpinning today’s Internet - used by hundreds of millions worldwide
(Callout: there are nearly 150,000,000 active Web sites on the Internet today)

Algorithm #3: Google

Google’s search engine which defines the way in which millions of people find information online

What does it do?
Searches the Web using for keywords used to search
Assigns a page rank to each page based on several factors
ie. How many times keywords appear on the page
Higher ranked pages appear further up in Google’s search engine results page (SERP)
Being listed prominently on Google can result in a big boost in site traffic and visibility
How does it work?
Automated programs called spiders or crawlers travel the Web
Spiders move from link to link building up an index page for keywords
Google references the index when a user enters a search query
Humble beginnings
1998: 10,000 Google searches/day
1999: 500,000 Google searches/day
Google no longer shares those numbers
estimates 3B daily searches
1998: First Google index had 26m Web pages
2011: Over 1trillion
Google may have a googol worth of pages in just a few years
1998: Bill Gates told Auletta his greatest fear was of a few guys in a garage starting a behemoth that would challenge his company.
That’s precisely how Google started
Google revolutionized the media world
It stores 24 quadrillion data bits
Plans to digitize 20 million books

Algorithm #4: GPS (Global Positioning System)

Sat navs are a fascinating offshoot of both the US military’s desire to equip its units with the facility to find out their position and the ability to display maps on a computer screen.

2 major algorithms for sat-navs.
the ability of the unit to use the GPS satellites to work out where the unit is situated
the ability of the sat-nav to determine the shortest distance from point A to point B
Other algorithms in play, mostly dealing with the visual display of the route to take, but these two algorithms are the most important.
GPS started out as a US Air Force system to help determine the position of any receiver to an accuracy of 15 metres.
Regan promised to make GPS available for civilian use following the downing of the civilian KAL 007 airliner
the airliner had drifted into Soviet restricted airspace
1993 - the unencrypted civilian signal was downgraded for accuracy of about 100 meters.
2000 - accuracy limitation was removed
Positioning algorithm:
30 satellites, in Earth’s orbit, transmit the same information
Three main pieces of data:
exact time of transmital
precise orbital data (the ephemeris)
overall system health
The GPS unit listens for, and interprets, these messages
The GPS unit uses time and the speed of light to calculate location
GPS units have become prevalent throughout our society
hand-held GPS devices

Algorithm #5: DoD Level Encryption Codes

Sometimes, algorithms that change the world arise not as research for its own sake, but to answer a pressing need. One example is encryption.

Encryption was created to defend against code-breakers
Code-breakers seek to steal or eavesdrop on vital data
1960’s - standards-based multi-vendor networks were created
1977 - encryption algorithm, RSA, evolved to safeguard code
RSA - named after inventors Rivest, Shamir and Adleman
RSA and it’s descendants play a critical role in today’s Internet-heavy environment
CIS (Cryptographic Interoperability Strategy)
developed to increase assured rapid sharing within the US and between allies
Common public standards, protocols, algorithms and modes are used
These are known as the “Secure Sharing Suite”or S.3.
Implementation of CIS facilitates the development of broader secure cryptographic products
Provides war fighters on the battlefield, ability to share time-sensitive info securely
Enables the gov’t to share intelligence info securely with State and local First Responders
NSA Suite A Cryptography: Unpublished algorithm
Suite A contains both classified and unclassified algorithms
Used in applications where Suite B may not be appropriate
NSA Suite B Cryptography: Published algorithm
Includes cryptographic algorithms for:
key exchange
digital signatures
These algorithms play a huge role in keeping our country secure

In Closing
Algorithms have the power to change the course of history
They can be found everywhere you look
Linking structure on the Web
Inner workings of automobiles
Intricacies of stock market exchanges
Whatever the purpose, algorithms will continue to shake up the status quo
The key is to recognize which algorithms will drive the directions of tomorrow’s business world


Top Security Management Degrees

Security management in a broad management field that handles physical security, asset management and other safety functions. A degree in security management prepares individuals to pursue various opportunities in the in formation technology and private security industry. Students in these programs gain the necessary knowledge and skills to assess and address various security issues and threats in public and private sectors. Here are the top five schools that offer security management degrees:

1. Bellevue University

Bellevue University is a private, non-profit institution that is committed to offering high quality and affordable education to students from all walks of life to enable them to succeed in a constantly changing world. It offers both a Bachelor of Science and Master of Science in security management. The bachelor’s degree program is offered in an accelerated format and students are divided into cohorts. The program focuses on five general areas including personal management, principles of homeland security, infrastructure security and threat assessment, communication skills, and organizational interaction. The degree requires 36 total credit hours include security management courses and justice law and security common core courses. The master’s degree offers a professional approach and the program is also accelerated and lasts about 16 months. Students are placed in cohorts of about 20 students and they complete courses in order together. The degree requires 36 credit hours.

2. Saint Louis University

Saint Louis University is a private, Jesuit university in St. Louis Missouri. It is dedicated to serving humanity and finding the truth for the greater glory of god. It offers an online security management certificate and a minor program that prepares students for leadership and management positions with any entity that needs to minimize security risks. The program is 18 credits and can be combined with any bachelor’s degree or can be completed alone as a certificate. The program is available both online and a combination of online/campus-based format. The program is offered in an accelerated format. The required courses include introduction to the safety sciences, security administration, human resources in organizations, legal issues in organizations, and principles of security, crime prevention and asset protection.

3. University of Houston

The University of Houston is a state research institution that is committed to offering excellent learning opportunities that encourage engagement in a real-world setting. It strives to gain recognition on a national and international level. The University of Houston offers a Master of Security Management for Executives programs that strives to provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to handle the constantly changing security field. The program requires the completion of 36 credit hours and the required courses include security and crisis management, computer forensics, risk analysis and abatement, human resources management, managerial decision making, and leadership, motivation, and communication. The program also requires a capstone project to provide students with opportunities to apply classroom concepts into real-world settings.

4. DeVry University

DeVry University is a private for-profit institution for higher learning that has campuses all over the country. It is committed to providing high-quality career-focused education to a diversity of students. DeVry University offers a security management specialization with a bachelor’s degree in business administration, technical management, or management. The security management specialization prepares students to work with any array of private companies or government organizations to manage the operations of physical security, asset management, and human resources. The security management courses include security administration, risk analysis, loss prevention, and emergency planning, principles of information systems security, and evaluation of security programs. The total required credits varies by program, but are typically between 122-124. Students are able to complete courses through a combination of online and campus-based courses.

5. Henley-Putnam University

Henley-Putnam University is an online university that specializes in security related fields. Its mission is to serve professionals in the security industry, with specific focus on law enforcement, military, and intelligence. It offers a certificate in security management that was created to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the security industry. The courses include foundations of security, workplace violence and workplace security, information security, and writing for the intelligence professional. Henley Putnam University also offers a Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degree in strategic security and protection management. The bachelor’s degree requires

Top Masters of Accounting

The field of accounting is one that seems to divide people into warring factions. On one side, those who need to get their taxes done think that the profession is a great asset. Businesspeople who dread their quarterly results, however, think a bit differently. At the same time, some people find accounting’s involvement in math and numbers to be fascinating. Others, with a slightly less rosy view of math, would prefer to run in the opposite direction.

One thing that everyone can agree on is that the profession is lucrative, growing, and highly skilled. A Master’s degree in accounting is one of the most popular programs at schools nationwide, and it’s the key to enjoying a longer, more successful accounting career no matter where that career takes off. At these five schools, the program is at its best for students of all aspirations and ability levels.

1. Loyola University in Chicago

Loyola University’s campus in Chicago has always been particularly strong in business and accounting programs, so it should be no surprise that their Master’s of Science in Accounting is one of the best nationwide. Loyola’s program is focused primarily on advancing the undergraduate knowledge of those enrolled in the program, virtually all of whom have some level of academic or real-world experience in the field.

Beyond that, extensive preparation for the CPA exam is a key part of the program and that’s what makes it a real asset to students. The CPA exam is notably one of the toughest pre-professional examinations in the country, and the seasoned professors at Loyola help their students pass at a rate that is higher than many competing colleges and universities.

2. Washington University in St. Louis

Home to two presidential debates during some of the most trying economic times in recent memory, Washington University in St. Louis is a business education leader. The Olin Business School is one of the leading providers of professional business education in the Midwest, and especially in Missouri. Accounting students engage in rigorous courses that serve chiefly to prepare them for an ethical career in the field.

Extensive CPA examination preparation is included with the program, and students are exposed to a number of strategies and techniques for success on the exam that will determine their fate in the profession. All told, it’s a well-rounded program perfect for those local to the St. Louis institution.

3. Temple University

It likely comes as no surprise that the Fox School of Business offers a top-ranked accounting program for graduate students. Temple is notable for having particularly small class sizes among its Master’s of Science in Accounting student body. Most classes are less than 20 students in size, a notable accomplishment for this public university that has more than 35,000 students total.

With an extensive CPA preparation component in virtually every course offered to students, Temple has one of the best pass rates for the exam of any business school nationwide. That’s a big accomplishment, and one the university isn’t afraid of touting to each prospect.

4. University of South Carolina

The Marshall School of Business is a key institution in the Southeast, and it’s a valuable resource for local accounting professionals. The University of South Carolina is easily one of the best public schools in this part of the country, and the accounting program is a demonstration of how that reputation has been earned.

Courses at the university focus centrally on ethics within the profession, as well as professional strategies and even management techniques. A CPA preparation component is built into many of these courses, just as it is at other leading schools nationwide.

5. Vanderbilt University

In Tennessee, not too long of a distance from the University of South Carolina, students at Vanderbilt are treated to an excellent program in accounting. The Owen School of Management offers a Masters in Accountancy, or MAcc, that is a little different from other programs nationwide. In addition to traditional accounting, ethics, and CPA courses, students are encouraged to conduct extensive graduate-level research into ethical dilemmas, changes in the profession, and technological advancements.

At the end of the two-year program, graduates are primed for excellent job prospects and some of the most rewarding careers in the industry. It’s a reputation that has made Vanderbilt one of the accounting education leaders at the undergraduate, graduate, and even professional levels.

Great Programs for a Great Field
Despite its controversies, accounting is one of the largest and most resilient fields in the United States. On the strength of these programs, it looks to continue being that way for quite some time.

Top Masters In Public Administration

While management and administration skills are most commonly identified with the business community, there is a strong need for this skill set in the political and government worlds as well. These skills are especially useful when creating new civil policies or enforcing laws and regulations that have been recently passed by local, state, and federal governments. Because working in government requires a different kind of management and administration style than most businesses require, the public administration field was born.

Public administration is a rapidly growing field at many American universities, generally because the scope of government employment has been steadily increasing over the course of at least the last three decades. Those who pursue a degree in this field, especially from the universities mentioned below, stand a great chance at employment, fulfillment, and occupational success.

1. Harvard University

It’s hard to argue with the prestige of a Harvard degree, especially when it comes from the top-ranked Kennedy School of Government. Students who attend Harvard in pursuit of their Master’s in Public Administration will receive one of the most well rounded educations available in the field, including leadership in public, non-profit, and private organizations.

They’ll learn everything from implementing policies to proposing new ones, interacting with the public and judging public opinion to guide their activities. The Public Administration program at Harvard is virtually designed to set students into a career of public service, and that’s a really refreshing attribute.

2. Northeastern University

Leadership and management in the non-profit sector, as well as in the government, is the stated mission of the Master’s in Public Service program offered at Northeastern University. The school’s degree is offered through its Department of Political Science, which is itself one of the most well regarded political education programs in the country.

Like many of the best programs in this field, Northeastern’s degree is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration. That gives it added weight when applying for jobs, and indicates that the school meets the organization’s highest standards for education, involvement, and occupational preparation.

3. University of Southern California

The Price School of Public Policy at USC offers an interesting approach to public administration. As part of the program, students are taught not only how to manage public sector activity and non-profits, but also how to manage small projects and work with the community. This is a unique skill set, and it’s one that lays the foundation for a rewarding career outside of the private sector.

Because the program is unique in nature, and offered at one of the country’s most prestigious universities, prospective students should seriously consider USC for their next educational pursuit.

4. University of North Carolina

The oldest public university in the country has had a great deal of time to fully develop all of its programs, and that shows quite a bit when looking at its Master’s in Public Administration program. The UNC School of Government is probably the best school of its kind in the Southeast, and that translates to industry-leading research and hands-on experience for those who enroll in the program.

Professors are experienced in both the public and non-profit sectors, and their professional experience is generally matched only by their academic curiosity. That gives students deeper insight into the field, a critical asset during both the job search and career development.

5. City University of New York: Baruch College

The City University of New York comprises several community colleges and traditional universities, and Baruch is easily one of the most prestigious within the system. The institution is home to a particularly strong School of Public Policy, where students will spend all of their time after enrollment. Like all of the other programs listed here, Baruch College is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration.

Students who attend Baruch College will have access to the large New York City government, as well as local nonprofits. Professors are generally the best in the New York area, with local and national experience at the highest levels of government and community development. That bodes well for students who are looking to get the best perspective on the field, their place in it, and how they can change things for the better throughout their career.

Some Great Programs for a New Generation of Leaders
With the backing of major universities like Harvard, Northeastern, and others, the public administration field is a growing one that will become an asset for recent graduates. With the right blend of government knowledge, managerial capability, and educational background, there really is no limit to the marketability of this great degree.

Top MBA In Supply Chain Management

In an era when much of the supply chain for today’s businesses comes from countries overseas, excellent supply management is more in demand than ever. Today, professionals must make sure that the supply chain is efficient, well regulated, in line with local and international labor standards, and able to propel a business to ultimate success. If they can do that, they can likely do anything the business world demands. As an example of this, just look at Apple’s CEO, Tim Cook. Once a leader in supply chain management and innovation, he recently took over as the company’s leader and has sent its stock price to new heights.

With that kind of career trajectory, it’s easy to see why these programs are increasingly popular among those already determined to receive their MBA from a leading institution. A few programs are particularly outstanding, with some of the best instruction anywhere in the country.

1. New York University

Though it isn’t technically an ivy league university, the results produced by New York University’s Stern School of Business rival anything that comes out of the major ivy league institutions in the northeast. Its program is second to none in terms of qualified instructors, and students are encouraged to get hands-on experience while working with the large New York business community.

With one of the biggest names in academics, and one of the biggest cities in business, at their fingertips, those who choose New York University will find themselves being considered for some of the country’s leading positions in supply chain management.

2. Rutgers University

As part of the supply chain management program at Rutgers University, students will participate in what the university calls “The Center.” That institution is dedicated to research within the business community and it’s a fundamental way that Rutgers grads are equipped to handle the challenges of this field. The Center shows innovative new ways of doing business even before they’ve been discussed by leading publications, giving graduates an edge over their competitors.

In addition to hands-on work and research experience, Rutgers puts students through a tough series of operations and analysis courses that will prepare them for virtually every scenario within the supply chain. At the end of the program, they’ll be perfectly suited for domestic and international management of major supply chain schemes.

3. University of San Diego

The University of San Diego has one of California’s best business schools, especially for those looking into a supply chain management career. The university offers an MBA in the field and, unlike its competitors, actually operates the Supply Chain Management Institute. The institute is dedicated to researching the best methods of management and operations, and those findings are passed directly on to students as part of the school’s curriculum.

Because it researches the field, sets the trends, and teaches students about them directly, USD is a cutting edge school with a program that should not be overlooked.

4. Arizona State University

Arizona State University has always performed well in the business field, and its MBA programs are no exception. The school utilizes the proximity of Phoenix to bolster the credentials of its graduates, giving them the opportunity to work with some of the Southwest’s leading companies and executives during their time in the program.

ASU’s professors are almost universally experienced in business, management, and supply chain economics, and they bring valuable experience to each class that will help to equip students for their eventual career in the field.

5. Temple University

Temple University’s MBA program can rival anything the ivy league University of Pennsylvania, which is just next-door, offers to its own students in the Wharton School. Temple’s Fox School of Business and Management is consistently rated one of the top 10 degrees in terms of reach and value, and its offering of both online and offline instruction makes the MBA in Supply Chain Management accessible even to the busiest professionals.

With a reputation for professional education that is well known around the world, Temple’s wealth of experienced professors, hands-on experience, and business connections, makes it a must-see for professionals in the northeast corridor.

An Increasingly Important Field with Increasingly Prestigious Programs
The increasing importance of supply chain management in domestic and international markets has forced business schools to increase the rigor and sophistication of their corresponding MBA programs. To that end, the five schools mentioned here have created programs that focus on real world experience, international relations, analysis and operations, and a wide range of other topics. Each program will be an asset to graduates as they look for a job in this competitive field.

Top MBA in Entrepreneurship

The internet has allowed the business community to escape from the boundaries of its legendary top-floor offices, and it has sent a large portion of the work force home to telecommute into work. Still others have decided to put these advantages to use away from corporate employers, starting their own enterprises and becoming their own boss. For the best chance at succeeding in these ventures, though, business professionals should consider pursuing an MBA in entrepreneurship. These degrees focus on the combination of skills needed to succeed in terms of financial management, employee management, and supply chain concerns.

Of all the business programs nationwide, there are five that are particularly remarkable. That’s not to speak ill of the other programs, many of which are still among the best in the world. These five, though, give graduates the best experience and the best chance at success in their own business venture going forward.

1. University of Pennsylvania

There are few names that command as much respect in the business community as the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School does. Penn, which is one of the ivy league institutions of the northeast, has steadfastly worked to develop the leading business school in the mid-Atlantic. To that end, Penn’s MBA in Entrepreneurship is one of the most comprehensive and highly ranked programs in the world.

Wharton boasts alumni that range from Donald Trump to the CEOs of major corporations like Comcast, U.S. Airways, General Electric, Royal Caribbean, and UPS. It also serves as a hotbed of entrepreneurship and small business activity, which is flourishing quite a bit in the wider Philadelphia community, as well.

2. Pepperdine University

California is home to many prestigious universities and business schools, but one of the best can be found at Pepperdine University. The university refers to its business school simply as “B School” and it offers one of the most well-rounded entrepreneurship programs at the graduate level. Students are taught by some of the biggest names in California business, ranging from Los Angeles executives to Silicon Valley innovators.

With a focus on comprehensive business management and financial analysis, graduates leave Pepperdine with the mentality needed for success in a self-owned business venture. They also have the credentials required for venture capital firms, which look for experience and education when allocating funding to such businesses.

3. California State University at Fullerton

Pepperdine’s tuition can be a bit steep for California residents and those outside the state, and many opt for a Cal State education instead. When public tuition’s affordability wins the debate, the university’s Fullerton campus is equipped with a robust program that will produce roughly the same outcome. Located just south of Los Angeles, the university has connections in both that city and San Diego, offering its students access to a large number of experts in the field of self-started businesses and experimental projects.

Fullerton’s MBA in Entrepreneurship is consistently highly ranked, both by academic journals and by business publications. That will give graduates a bit of pull when seeking funding, and a great education when managing employees and finances throughout a longer career.

4. Temple University

Philadelphia is a blossoming academic and business community that consistently produces some of the most well respected professionals in the field. Temple University is just a few miles from the University of Pennsylvania, and many students might consider the ivy league competitor to be the winner in every matchup. When it comes to entrepreneurship, though, it is Temple’s MBA in this field that is actually ranked higher by Forbes and several other publications.

With public school tuition rates, a location very close to center city offices, and classes that can be taken both online and at one of the school’s Philadelphia-area campuses, the number-five entrepreneurship program in the country should be near the top of the list for aspiring small business owners.

5. Clemson University

Clemson isn’t just a major college football power. The university is also a center of southern business education that primes graduates for careers in neighboring Charlotte, cities like Atlanta, and the countries at large. With a program that is focused particularly on operations analysis and budgeting, the entrepreneurship MBA program at Clemson will make sure that students can manage every aspect of a small business without oversights or critical errors.

Get Started and Go Into Business!
With the programs listed here, graduates will find all of the resources they need to free themselves from the corporate office and start an enterprise of their own. This increasingly popular field is supplemented by major names, like Wharton and Pepperdine, as well as rising stars like Temple and Clemson, with the goal of making the American dream a bit more accessible for the masses.

Top MBA In Logistics Management

From packaging products to ensuring that everything is in place on time, logistics managers have a lot on their plates. It’s no surprise, then, that most businesses require their logistics managers and supply chain executives to have at least an MBA in the field before they’ll even be considered for a promotion or to be hired for an open position. That’s a pretty tall order, but it’s one that business professionals should embrace. There are some really great logistics programs at universities across the country.

For those pursuing logistics education at the graduate level, five universities nationwide stand out among the rest as the best options for good networking, excellent instruction, and innovative approaches to this very old field.

1. University of Kansas

Located virtually at the center of the United States, it’s no surprise that the University of Kansas has become a hub of serious business education. The university was one of the first to develop an MBA in logistics management, and its template is one that is still used by most universities nationwide today. Students will pursue analysis, management, and employee relations courses as part of the program.

In addition to excellent courses, students will receive instruction from experts in the field, including leading business researchers who are helping to shape the future of logistics management both at the University of Kansas and in businesses around the country. It’s an experience that shouldn’t be missed by those local to the university’s campus.

2. Colorado Technical University

Ranked in the top ten online MBA programs by the International Graduate Forums, Colorado Technical University’s logistics program is one of the best MBA degrees in the United States. That might come as a surprise, especially because the program is entirely online and leaves hands-on experience out of the equation. Even so, CTU’s online collaboration tools are well developed and are easily the best among today’s distance learning institutions.

With classes that actually require interaction with professors and other students, those who choose CTU’s MBA program won’t miss out on essential interactions that are critical to development of management skills. And, with courses in analysis and management that rank near the top of list, students will acquire the skills needed to work within even the largest corporate operations.

3. University of Tennessee at Knoxville

The University of Tennessee notably offers either an MBA in Logistics or a degree in Supply Chain Management at each of its major campuses in the state. The university’s Knoxville campus offers both programs, and that allows for a type of dual-track educational experience that greatly benefits graduates. With a degree from UTK, students will have the resources and skills they need to succeed at managing logistics operations, supply chains, and even regular business communications.

That broad appeal is the best bet for students that are hoping to get a job after graduation. In an economy like the present one, a diversified set of skills is more of an asset than ever before.

4. Ohio State University

The Fisher College of Business is well known as a leading research institution and educational heavyweight both inside and outside of Ohio. It’s one of the few schools that actually encourages its students to participate in research work as part of their MBA program. That allows them to identify new industry trends and logistics management approaches before they’ve even hit the mainstream.

This kind of hands-on research and industry experience sets students up for real success after graduation, giving them the tools they need to land a job at some of the largest companies nationwide.

5. Portland State University

For those on the west coast, there are few entrepreneurship programs like the one at Portland State University. The university is actually located in a city that has been identified with growing importance in supply chain and logistics management, thanks largely to its location on the Pacific Ocean and its relative proximity to Asian markets. That gives graduates a unique perspective that they won’t find at many other schools.

That unique perspective is boosted by institutional research and teaching assistantships that boost the responsibilities enjoyed by MBA candidates at Portland State. After graduation, that adds up to better jobs, better skills, and a better career trajectory than competing job candidates.

Great Logistics Programs Around the Country
With the increasing sophistication of international trade and domestic logistics operations, MBA programs are an essential way to ensure that things go smoothly and businesses run efficiently. Students at these five schools will receive the best combination of education, insight, research opportunities, and networking opportunities, to put them ahead in the search for a job after graduation.

Top Masters In Project Management

Though it was once perceived to be one of the least desirable positions with any business, project management has quickly transformed into one of the hottest careers in the business and management field. That’s largely due to changing economic times, which now demand professionals who can oversee projects that range from R&D to corporate downsizing. As commission levels increase and demand rises accordingly, a number of universities have committed to offering very strong MBA programs with an emphasis in project management.

Of the many universities with this innovative program nationwide, a few stand out as the best o the best. Several online programs are at the top of their class, while many traditional universities offer competitive MBA programs that will draw students from around the country. The five programs below should be in the “must apply” list for any serious student in search of a quality Project Management degree.

1. Capella University

Capella University is one of the most established all-online institutions in the United States, with an explicit focus on things like management, information systems, and technology degrees. That reputation really boosts their MBA in Project Management, which is one of the best online degrees available. The university encourages collaboration between students with innovative online software applications, and employs some of the most experienced professors at any university.

With the right combination of experienced professors, collaboration with fellow students, and accelerated progress, Capella University is a strong option for anyone in the market for an MBA in Project Management.

2. University of Colorado: Colorado Springs

The University of Colorado stands out as one of the best public universities in the western part of the country, and the Colorado Springs campus is one that is both quite popular and quite innovative. The MBA program at UCCS contains a concentration in project management that is open to all students within the MBA degree path, and it combines a few great elements.

Those who find themselves in this program after a stringent application process will have access to industry-leading internships and professors, almost all of whom are experienced in project management and in the industry at large. With a level of academic prestige that is admirable in Colorado, graduates will also have the right networking connections to land a great job after completion.

3. Southern New Hampshire University

Though it’s definitely less well known than the likes of UCCS, Southern New Hampshire University has a strong Project Management program within its business school. Interestingly, the program does not require the GMAT or GRE in order for students to gain admission. It has received a number of awards, including the “Best of Business” award from accreditation organizations in business.

Southern New Hampshire University is also a registered education provider, or R.E.P., with the Project Management Institute. That gives its degree a pretty high level of clout that is hard to find both online and off. And, speaking of online, this MBA in Project Management program can be completed entirely online without any in-person instruction required.

4. University of Texas at Dallas

Students at the University of Texas have the option of pursuing Project Management either as a Master’s of Business Administration or as a Master’s of Science. Generally, academic advisors and industry sources recommend that students waive the M.S. and opt instead for the MBA, which carries a bit more weight among businesses in general. As part of the program, UT students will engage with experienced professors and pursue internships in the field.

At the end of the two-year program, graduates will have job experience, a leading MBA degree, and connections with seasoned professionals and professors who can help them start their career in the field. That’s a pretty good way to finish at any school.

5. Florida Institute of Technology

The Florida Institute of Technology is one of the few colleges that allows its students to accelerate their degree program and earn their MBA in less than two years. Even with the extensive Project Management concentration at the school, students can find themselves out in the real world, competing for jobs, in as little as 18 months after they initially enrolled in the program.

FIT’s program in Project Management is relatively standard, with excellent management courses and real world experience that combine to deliver a well-rounded education. The school has been recognized by sources like Princeton Review and others for having one of the best MBA products online or offline, making it a great value and a no-brainer for many students.

Excellent Programs for a Wide Spectrum of Students
With everything from traditional campuses to distance learning programs, the universities mentioned above are easily the strongest option for students who are looking for a highly marketable degree. With management curriculum and hands-on experience, as well as some of the leading faculty nationwide, graduates will find themselves armed with everything they need to beat the economy and land a great job.

Top Masters of Science in Nursing Management

With the nursing field growing at a pretty rapid pace, especially in light of economic woes in other industries, it’s no surprise that nursing management programs are exploding in popularity. Increasingly large nursing staffs must be managed by professionals who can combine organizational management skills with those required of a nurse in the midst of the action. With a number of great online and offline degree programs in this field, those looking to advance upward in the nursing profession have some great options.

There are certainly more than just five great programs in nursing management, but the five mentioned here represent the best combination of academics, marketability, and accessibility. Major universities across the country are competing for nursing students, and these five options represent the best ones to consider during the application process.

1. Aspen University

Founded in 1987, Aspen University’s focus has always been on online degree programs with a specific emphasis on technology and management. It should come as no surprise, then, that the institution’s Nursing Management program is one of the best among online competitors. The program combines traditional nursing and research education with management techniques and information systems, giving graduates the tools they need to succeed in a world that is moving into increasingly digital operation.

With accelerated degree options and always-on accessibility, the Aspen University degree is perfect for professionals who are looking to get their degree in a short amount of time, and with minimal impact on their daily schedules.

2. La Salle University

The program at La Salle University stands out as one of the most unique in the nation. Termed the MSN in Nursing Administration, the program actually allows students to earn both their MSN and MBA degrees at the same time. This combined degree program gives graduates the tools they need to succeed both inside and outside of the medical world, and represents one of the best multi-degree programs in the country.

La Salle backs up its combined MSN/MBA program with a strong academic reputation and the kind of networking opportunities that are unique to campuses in the northeast corridor region of the United States. For the best combination of medical focus and management expertise, look no further than this Philadelphia-area university.

3. Western Governors University

One of the great things about Western Governors University is that it provides online degree programs with the backing of some of the biggest names in politics. The university was founded as a cooperative effort between the governors of several Western states in the U.S., and represents one of the most well regarded online institutions nationwide.

The Nursing Management program at WGU is a concentration with the Master’s of Science in Nursing degree program itself. The concentration, labeled “Leadership and Management,” focuses on nursing fundamentals, research techniques, and institutional leadership for burgeoning nursing programs and other medical institutions.

4. Vanderbilt University

Vanderbilt’s reputation is one of academic prestige in virtually every field, and the university does not shy away from touting the honors given to its nursing and health systems management degrees. Concentration in management is available as part of the institution’s MSN degree program, or students can opt for the separate Health Systems Management degree that is a bit separated from nursing itself.

Both programs represent top-ranked academic pursuits for those in the nursing profession, and it’s likely that these degrees will both provide a solid path to a long, exciting career in the management field. With the backing of one of the country’s best business schools, this traditional, offline series of programs is highly recommended for those in the southern part of the country.

5. Kent State University

One of Ohio’s leading institutions, Kent State’s programs in Nursing Management are some of the best in the country. Though the program is not offered online, it does combine a great deal of business education with the fundamentals of nursing research and healthcare management. In fact, the concentration is uniquely called “Nursing Healthcare Management,” an acknowledgement that graduates will be able to taking on management rules for nursing staffs and larger medical institutions.

For those local to the Kent State University campus, there is no better degree program than the one offered by this quintessential Ohio institution.

Great Programs for a Rewarding Future in Nursing
The healthcare industry itself is growing by leaps and bounds, and that means there is always demand for nursing professionals of every kind. With one of these great programs in Nursing Management, those looking to move up the chain of command will find themselves with the resources, skills, and networking opportunities, to do just that.

Top Criminal Investigation Degrees

Criminal investigation is a growing field. There are careers in criminal justice requiring either an associates (2 year program) or a bachelors (4 year program) degree. The following are summaries of the top five criminal investigation programs and degree options for each.

1. Ashford University

Offers three bachelors degree options: 1. Bachelor in Social and Criminal Justice: Forensics; 2. Bachelor in Organizational Management: Criminal Justice; and 3. Bachelor in Social Science: Criminal Jusice.

1. A bachelors degree in Social and Criminal Justice: Forensics prepares you for a career assisting in crime scene investigation. You will learn how to look for, collect, and evaluate evidence, including DNA evidence, from crime scenes. You could also develop skills for identifying potential criminal suspects and for helping to clear the wrongly accused. After earning this degree you could work in the private or the public sector helping to bring the guilty to justice. Pairing this degree with an advanced degree in the medical sciences you could also get a job as a medical examiner, crime laboratory analyst, or forensic engineer.

2. A bachelors degree in Organizational Mangement: Criminal Justice gives you a chance to understand how criminal justice institutions function and to develop leadership and management skills. As you earn this degree you will study organizational leadership and management theory specifically related to the criminal justice field. You can also develop strategic planning skills, learn organizational communication, strategies for team-building, and methods of conflict resolution. After completing this degree you could gain an entry-level management position in a small business, a retail business, a large corporation, or a government agency.

3. A bachelors degree in Social Science: Criminal Jusice is a general criminal justice degree designed to prepare you for a career in the criminal justice system. You will learn about crime, patterns of criminal behavior, juvenile delinquency, the judicial system, and criminal law. You will study the organization of corrections systems, learn methods for securing individuals and property, as well as the role of criminal jusitice in the US court system. With this versatile degree you could have a career in law enforcement, the security industry, or private investigation.

Ashford offers an innovative classroom experience. Supportive faculty, fellow students, and staff help keep you motivated while you work to earn your degree. Online programs are available. In order to be eligible for all programs, applicants must have graduated from high school in 2008 or earlier.

2. Strayer University

Offers five bachelor degree options: 1. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Computer Security and Forensics; 2. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Homeland Security and Technology; 3. Bachelor in Information Systems: Computer Forensics Management; 4. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Criminal Justice Administration; and 5. Bachelor in Information Systems: Cyber Security Management.

1. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Computer Security and Forensics provides you with the exciting chance to learn about the criminal justice field and the basics of computer network security. You will take courses teaching the fundamentals of cyber security, computer forensics, and basic security strategy and policy. After completing this degree you could work in either the public or the private sector collecting and analyzing evidence of criminal activity from suspects’ computers or coordinating computer security programs for different types of corporations. If you combine this degree with a masters degree in business administration you could be well prepared for a management position or an advanced position in the technology field.

2. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Homeland Security and Technology prepares you to find a career protecting the nation. Skills you could gain include the basics of computer network security, disaster recovery, national security strategy and policy, and cyber warfare. Courses will help you to understand crime, criminal behavior, ethics and leadership, and criminal law. After earning this degree you will be ready to pursue a career in homeland security. You could work for local, state, or federal governmental agencies or in the private sector. You could take a position as a border patrol agent, an emergency management director, or a homeland security agent.

3. A bachelors degree in Information Systems: Computer Forensics Management teaches you the leadership and management skills necessary to work in the computer forensics field. Computer forensics specialists find, investigate, and report on electronic evidence for criminal cases. This degree can give you experience with computer software that criminal investigators use to recover data in the computer systems of criminals. When you successfully complete this degree, you will be ready to work with law enforcement agents recovering and decoding data. You could land a position in the offices of prosecutors, governemnt agencies, and consulting firms.

4. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Criminal Justice Administration helps you understand law enforcement and crime prevention from an administrative perspective. You will learn about law enforcement mechanisms, criminal justice management, criminal investigating, and corrections facilities. With this degree you could work in either the public or the private sector and be responsible for protecting individuals and property.

5. A bachelors degree in Information Systems: Cyber Security Management prepares you to practice strategic management in developing and using cyber security systems, policies, and procedures. You will study how to protect information systems from cyber attacks, malware, and other types of data breaches. Cyber security managers are hired by large and small businesses, the information technology industry, the armed forces, and as government contractors.

Strayer University also offers an associate degree program: Associate in Criminal Justice. Strayer is especially supportive of working adults, who want to increase their earning potential by completing a degree. The university offers a quality education with flexible programs so you can earn your degree when it is most convenient for you. Online and campus-based programs are available. Campuses are located in 25 states. Applicants must have a high school diplomma or GED.

3. American Intercontinental University:

Offers several bachelor degree options: 1. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Forensic Science; 2. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Law Enforcement; 3. Bachelor in Criminal Justice; 4. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Corrections and Case Management; 5. Bachelor in Criminal Justice: Homeland Security and Crisis Management; and 6. Bachelor of Technology: Digital Investigations.

1. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Forensic Science is perfect for students who wish to learn the skills and science behind crime scene investigation. You will develop skills related to applying science to the law enforcement field. Courses will invite you to study theories behind societal causes of crime and theories about correcting criminal behavior. Additionally, you will study criminal and forensic psychology understanding the hidden causes that contribute to individual criminal behavior. Students who successfully complete this degree could earn entry-level positions as crime scene investigators, forensic scientists, or detectives.

2. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Law Enforcement gives you the chance to learn skills and strategies used in relation to law enforcement. You will study methods for mapping and analyzing crime scenes. You could also develop skills for assisting police investigators and detectives in solving crimes. After completing your degree, you could find a position as a law enforcement officer, homeland security agent, or crime scene investigator.

3. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice allows you to pursue any number of careers in the criminal justice system. You will have the chance to learn about the corrections system and the role of criminal justice in the US court system. Courses will provide you with a deep understanding of the policies used in juvenile justice, criminal law, and in preventing the loss of personal property. Career opportunities available to those earning a degree in Criminal Jusice include assisting in general law enforcement, corrections, and crime scene investigation.

4. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Corrections and Case Management offers you the opportunity to learn about the corrections system and punishment theory. This program is for those wishing to pursue a professional education in criminal justice. You will have the chance to specialize in prison law, peneology, or rehabilitation policies. Upper division courses cover crime victim studies, theories of crime causation, and the fundamentals of corrections. This degree gives students an opportunity to focus on the personal side of criminal justice. Upon completing your degree you could pursue a career as a social service agent, corrections officer, juvenile case manager, or probation officer.

5. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice: Homeland Security and Crisis Management gives you background in crisis management and planning. After taking lower and upper level courses in criminal justice, the degree offers the option of specializing in homeland security and crisis management. Specializations include law and society and the psychosocial dimensions of terrorism. This degree will make you competitive in the criminal justice field. Potential positions include homland security policy analyst, crisis manager, and watch analyst.

6. A bachelors degree in Technology: Digital Investigations provides an exciting education in cyber crime and digital investigations methods. You will have the opportuinty to complete a senior project and program capstone giving you a unique chance to personalize your eduational experience. The degree includes basic courses in information technology and specialized courses in network investigations. Successful degree holders compete for positions as computer security specialists, web administrators, and computer systems analysts.

American Intercontinental University also offers two associate degree programs: Associate in Criminal Justice; and Associate in Business Administration: Criminal Justice. Online and campus-based programs are available. Campuses are located in Georgia and Texas.

4. University of Phoenix:

Offers five bachelor degree options: 1. Bachelor in Criminal Justice Administration: Cybercrimes; 2. Bachelor in Criminal Justice Administration: Security; 3. BS in Criminal Justice Administration: Human Services; 4. BS in Criminal Justice Administration: Institutional Healthcare; and 5. BS in Criminal Justice Administration: Management.

1. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice Administration: Cybercrimes prepares you to understand and teach others how to use cyber security systems, policies, and procedures. You will learn how to protect computer systems from hacking and other types of cyber attacks. Cybercrimes administrators are hired by governent agencies, the military, large and small corporations, and the information technology industry. A potential job description could include loss and crime prevention, setting up firewalls, and assisting software engineers in developing new ways to fight cybercrime.

2. A bachelors in Criminal Justice Administration: Security gives you background in the security field. Students may have the chance to shadow a security guard or a law enforcement agent for on the job experience. Courses address criminal justice theories, police department administration and organization, the management of correctional systems, and areas of private security. This degree will make you competitive in several areas related to the criminal justice field. Potential positions include security guard, crisis manager, and security administrator.

3. A BS in Criminal Justice Administration: Human Services combines courses in basic criminal justice with courses designed to teach management skills in order to build strong leaders for careers in criminal justice. You will study the human services side of the criminal justice system from an administrative perspective. You could develop the skills required to work with the mentally ill, abused children, or women in domestic abuse situations. To that end, courses work on practical skills such as case management, mediation, and advocacy. With this degree you could work in either the public or the private sector in the areas of case management, mediation, mental health, and crisis management.

4. A BS in Criminal Justice Administration: Institutional Healthcare is for people who are interested in administrative careers in the healthcare industry within detention centers and correctional institutions. As you earn this degree you will study organizational leadership and management theory specifically related to administration of health services in the criminal justice field. You will also have the opportunity to learn about healthcare laws and regulations, healthcare policies, and disease trends in clinics specific to the justice system. The curriculum also speaks to general elements of the criminal justice system including corrections, juvenile justice, criminology, and the courts. After completing this program you will have a unique degree that could prepare you to work with a special population: healthcare patients in criminal justice institutions. You will have the skills to deal with specific issues related to institutional healthcare and criminal justice. Graduates could gain entry-level management positions in health clinics within correctional facilities.

5. A BS in Criminal Justice Administration: Management gives you a chance to understand how criminal justice institutions function and to develop leadership and management skills needed to fill supervisory roles in police departments. As you earn this degree you will study organizational management theory, change management, leadership communication, and personnel issues relevant to criminal justice institutions. You can also develop strategic planning skills, learn organizational communication, team-building, and conflict resolution strategies. After completing this degree you could gain an entry-level management position in law enforcement offices, corrections facilities, or court systems.

The University of Phoenix also offers one associate degree program: AA in Criminal Justice. The University of Phoenix is one of the fastest-growing accredited institutions of higher learning. It is committed to providing a convenient, quality education taught by leading experts in your field of interest. Online and campus-based programs are available. Campuses are located in 29 states.

5. Everest University

Offers two bachelor degree options: 1. Bachelor in Criminal Justice and 2. Bachelor in Homeland Security.

1. A bachelors degree in Criminal Justice is a general criminal justice degree that will give you a broad understanding of issues related to justice and law enforcement. As you take courses where you consider case studies and current research in specific fields, you learn the tactics used by professionals to keep communities safe. Using interactive media and role-playing of real-life scenarios, you will also learn how members of the criminal justice system use evidence to solve crimes. You will have the opportunity to study crime, criminal law, juvenile delinquency, and the judicial system. You will study corrections, securing individuals and property, as well as the role of criminal justice in the US court system. With this degree you could pursue a job as a police officer, bailiff, loss prevention investigator, or juvenile probation officer.

2. A bachelors degree in Homeland Security prepares you to find a new and interesting career protecting the nation. You will take courses designed to teach you how to secure waterways, seaports, airports, and borders. There are policies and procedures that are vital to protecting our homeland; so, as a student in this field, you will be taught how to protect bridges and buildings, disaster preparedness, and intelligence sharing. Lower-level courses will help you to understand crime, criminal behavior, ethics and leadership, and criminal law. Skills you could gain include counter terrorism methods and law enforcement support. After earning this degree you will be ready to pursue a career in homeland security. You could work for local, state, or federal governmental agencies. Additionally, you could take a position as a border patrol agent, an emergency management director, a homeland security agent, or contribute to immigration programs.

Everest also offers two associate degree programs: Associate in Criminal Investigations and Associate in Criminal Justice. Everest is committed to providing you with a practical education that is career-oriented. Online and campus-based programs are available. Everest has over 100 campuses located in 14 states.